The associative field of a word as a multilingual structure (ваsed on the mass free associative experiment with Ukrainian social and political lexis)



Ключові слова:

linguistic worldview, on-line associative service STIMULUS, stimulus, reaction, core, language structure.


The article deals with the analysis of the associative fields of the Ukrainian social and political lexis in the aspect of the language of the reactions. It is written on the basis of the mass free associative experiment conducted with Ukrainian respondents aged 18 – 22. The experiment was organized in Ukraine in 2013-2016. It involved more than 1000 respondents living in 12 regions of Ukraine (eastern, western, southern and northern parts of the country); the stimuli list contained 100 lexical units. More than 33 000 reactions were analyzed with the help of the special computer programme STIMULUS, which is now developed in the first Ukrainian on-line associative tool STIMULUS. The results proved that associative fields are not monolingual, but multilingual structures. The associative fields of the Ukrainian social and political lexis include the reactions in Ukrainian (major part, 80 % at an average), Russian (4 % – 8 %), English (1 % – 2 %), other languages (Arabic, Japanese, Chinese, Italian; less than 0,5 %), symbols (1 % – 2 %) and refusing to respond (3 % – 41 %). There were cases of sudden Ukrainian reactions made by the Russian-speaking Ukrainians on the stimuli прапор "flag", незалежність "independence", національність "nationality", єдність "unity" while other reactions were Russian. The reactions in terms of their language are influenced by the respondents' mother tongue, government language policy, political situation, politics, intercultural communication. The perception of the word semantics may precede the perception of the word language. The perspective of the research is to study the lexis of other thematic groups in the aspect of the language of the reactions.


Asotsiatyvnyi onlain servis STYMULUS [Associative Online Service STIMULUS]. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Bisovetska, T. V. (2009). Nominatyvni odynytsi na poznachennia rodynnykh stosunkiv v ukrainskii, nimetskii ta polskii movakh (za danymy vilnoho asotsiatyvnoho eksperymentu) [Nominal Units for the Designation of Family Relationships in Ukrainian, German and Polish (on the Basis of the Free Associative Experiment)]. Naukovi zapysky Kirovohradskoho derzhavnoho pedahohichnoho universytetu imeni Volodymyra Vynnychenka. Seriia Filolohichni nauky – Proceedings of Kirovohrad Volodymyr Vynnychenko State Pedagogical University. Series "Philology", 81(3), 210–214 [in Ukrainian].

Goroshko, E.I. (2001). Integrativnaja model svobodnogo assotsiativnogo eksperimenta [The Integrative Model of the Free Associative Experiment]. Kharkov: "RA – Каrаvеllа" [in Russian].

Kutuza, N. V., Kovalevska, T. Yu. (2011). Korotkyi asotsiatyvnyi slovnyk reklamnykh slohaniv [Short Associative Dictionary of the Advertising Slogans]. Odesa: Astroprynt [in Ukrainian].

Martinek, S. (2007). Ukrainskyi asotsiatyvnyi slovnyk: vid stymulu do reaktsii [Ukrainian Associative Dictionary: from stimulus to reaction] (Vol. 1). Lviv: Publishing Centre of Lviv Ivan Franko State University [in Ukrainian].

Marchuk, U. B. (2009). Asotsiatyvnyi potentsial linhvokulturnykh kontseptiv u riznosystemnykh movakh [Associative Potential of The Linguistic and Cultural Concepts in the Laguages of Different Systems]. Extended abstract of candidate's thesis. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].

Naukovi zapysky kafedry slovianskykh i hermanskykh mov [Proceedings of the Slavic and German Languages Chair] (2019). T. Ye. Nedashkivska (Ed.). Novohrad-Volynskyi: NOVOhrad [in Ukrainian].

Naukovo-osvitnii klaster CLAIM (Computer Linguistics, Artificial Intelligence, Multimedia and more) [Scientific and Educational Cluster CLAIM (Computer Linguistics, Artificial Intelligence, Multimedia and more)]. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Surmach, O. Ya. (2012). Asotsiatyvnyi eksperyment ta verbalni asotsiatsii u psykholinhvistychnykh doslidzhenniakh [The Associative Experiment and Verbal associations in Psycholinguistic Research]. Naukovi zapysky Natsionalnoho universytetu "Ostrozka akademiia". Seriia Filolohichna. – Proceedings of the National University "Ostroh Academy". Series "Philology", 29, 22–24 [in Ukrainian].

Terekhova, D. I. (2013). Osnovni stratehii asotsiiuvannia skhidnykh slovian (na prykladi analizu asotsiatyvnykh poliv sliv derzhava / hosudarstvo / dziarzhava) [The Eastern Slavs" Basic Associative Strategies (on the Examples of the Word "State")]. Problemy zistavnoi semantyky – Comparative Linguistics Problems, 11, 31–38 [in Ukrainian].

Terekhova, D. I. (2000). Osoblyvosti spryiniattia leksychnoi semantyky sliv (psykholinhvistychnyi aspekt) [The Specifics of the Perception of the Words" Lexical Semantics (Psycholinguistic aspect)]. Kyiv: KDPU Publishing [in Ukrainian].

Formanova, S. V. (2015). Prykmetnyky na poznachennia nehatyvnoi otsinky: asotsiatyvnyi eksperyment [Adjectives for Designation Negative Assesment: Associative Experiment]. Odeskyi linhvistychnyi visnyk – Odessa Linguistic Journal, 5(2), 163–167 [in Ukrainian].

Deese, J. (1962). On the Structure of Associative Meaning. Psychological Review, 69, 161–175 [in English].

Deese, J. (1965). The Structure of Association in Language and Thought. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press [in English].

Russel, W. A., Jenkins, J. J. (1954). The complete Minnesota norms for responses to 100 words from the Kent-Rosanoff word association test. Technical Report № 11. Contract N8-ONR-66216, ONR. Minneapolis: Univ. Minnesota [in English].




Сучасні лінгвістичні вчення